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Relationship between lutein and mycotoxin content in durum wheat

Delgado, Rosa M., Sulyok, Michael, Jirsa, Ondřej, Spitzer, Tomáš, Krska, Rudolf, Polišenská, Ivana
Food additives & contaminants 2014 v.31 no.7 pp. 1274-1283
Alternaria, Aspergillus, Claviceps, Fusarium, Triticum aestivum, Triticum turgidum subsp. durum, cultivars, deoxynivalenol, durum wheat, lutein
Levels of lutein and a number of mycotoxins were determined in seven varieties of durum wheat (Triticum durum) and two varieties of common wheat (Triticum aestivum) in order to explore possible relationships amongst these components. Durum wheat cultivars always showed both higher lutein and mycotoxin contents than common wheat cultivars. The mycotoxins detected in both common and durum wheat cultivars were produced by the genera Fusarium , Claviceps , Alternaria and Aspergillus . Fusarium was the major producer of mycotoxins (26 mycotoxins) followed by Claviceps (14 mycotoxins), which was present only in some cultivars such as Chevalier (common wheat), Lupidur and Selyemdur (both durum wheat), Alternaria (six mycotoxins) and Aspergillus (three mycotoxins). Positive correlations between the levels of lutein and mycotoxins in durum wheat cultivars were found for the following mycotoxins: deoxynivalenol (DON), its derivative DON-3-glucoside, moniliformin, culmorin and its derivatives (5-hydroxyculmorin and 15-hydroxyculmorin).