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Breeding ecology of the fulvous parrotbill (Paradoxornis fulvifrons) in Wawushan Nature Reserve, Sichuan, China
- Hu, Yunbiao, Hao, Guang, Jiang, Yingxin, Pechacek, Peter, Sun, Yuehua
- Journal of natural history 2014 v.48 no.15-16 pp. 975-982
- bamboos, breeding, canopy, clutch size, color, conservation areas, eggs, fibrous roots, fledglings, hiking, humans, leaves, mosses and liverworts, nesting, nesting sites, nests, China
- We studied the breeding ecology of the fulvous parrotbill (Paradoxornis fulvifrons) and provide the first description of nests, eggs, fledglings, nesting behaviour and nest sites from China. Nests were bowl-shaped built by both sexes mainly of bamboo leaves, fibrous roots and mosses. They were located within dense bamboo clusters, about 0.70–1.90 m above the ground. The clutch size averaged (mean ± SD) 3.38 ± 0.72 (n = 16) and eggs were oval, pale blue in colour, weighing 1.24 ± 0.10 g (n = 13). Both pair-bond members incubated eggs and shared nestling care. Compared with control sites, the nest sites (n = 33) had smaller canopy closure (73 ± 12% vs 84 ± 16%). Overall nesting success was 18.18% (6/33). We concluded that human disturbance (i.e. tourist hiking on paths close to nest sites) might prompt nest desertion causing the low reproductive success of fulvous parrotbill in the reserve.