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Breeding ecology of the fulvous parrotbill (Paradoxornis fulvifrons) in Wawushan Nature Reserve, Sichuan, China

Hu, Yunbiao, Hao, Guang, Jiang, Yingxin, Pechacek, Peter, Sun, Yuehua
Journal of natural history 2014 v.48 no.15-16 pp. 975-982
bamboos, breeding, canopy, clutch size, color, conservation areas, eggs, fibrous roots, fledglings, hiking, humans, leaves, mosses and liverworts, nesting, nesting sites, nests, China
We studied the breeding ecology of the fulvous parrotbill (Paradoxornis fulvifrons) and provide the first description of nests, eggs, fledglings, nesting behaviour and nest sites from China. Nests were bowl-shaped built by both sexes mainly of bamboo leaves, fibrous roots and mosses. They were located within dense bamboo clusters, about 0.70–1.90 m above the ground. The clutch size averaged (mean ± SD) 3.38 ± 0.72 (n = 16) and eggs were oval, pale blue in colour, weighing 1.24 ± 0.10 g (n = 13). Both pair-bond members incubated eggs and shared nestling care. Compared with control sites, the nest sites (n = 33) had smaller canopy closure (73 ± 12% vs 84 ± 16%). Overall nesting success was 18.18% (6/33). We concluded that human disturbance (i.e. tourist hiking on paths close to nest sites) might prompt nest desertion causing the low reproductive success of fulvous parrotbill in the reserve.