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Isolation and Characterization of Antimony-Reducing Bacteria from Sediments Collected in the Vicinity of an Antimony Factory

Nguyen, Van Khanh, Lee, Jong-Un
Geomicrobiology journal 2014 v.31 no.10 pp. 855-861
Sinorhizobium, acetates, antimony, bacteria, carbon, magnesium, nucleotide sequences, oxidation, oxygen, pH, phylogeny, ribosomal RNA, sediments, sodium, temperature, Korean Peninsula
To date, there is very little information available on the oxidation and reduction of antimony by bacteria. An antimonate-respiring bacterium was isolated from sediment samples collected in the vicinity of an antimony oxide-producing factory in Korea. This bacterium was isolated by application of the Hungate standard anaerobic culture technique. Temporarily named strain JUK-1, it was found to be a rod-shaped bacterium and occurred individually or in pairs. Antimonate (pentavalent antimony) was reduced to antimonite (trivalent antimony) in the presence of JUK-1 in an anoxic minimal medium containing 5 mM antimonate and 10 mM acetate. The organism grew optimally at an initial pH of 7.7 and a temperature of 30°C. A part of the antimonite which was produced in medium precipitated as a bio-mineral containing approximately 50.0% antimony, 33.5% oxygen, 12.7% carbon, 2.0% sodium and 1.9% magnesium by weight. Based on the phylogenetics of 16S rRNA gene sequence and DNA G+C content, JUK-1 appears to be a new strain of the Sinorhizobium genus. The results suggest that bacteria may play a significant role in changing the redox state of antimony in the environment.