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Forest Restoration Paradigms

Author:
Stanturf, John A., Palik, Brian J., Williams, Mary I., Dumroese, R. Kasten, Madsen, Palle
Source:
Journal of sustainable forestry 2014 v.33 no.sup1 pp. S161
ISSN:
1540-756X
Subject:
biotechnology, climate change, ecosystems, forest restoration, forests, land restoration, sustainable forestry, synthetic biology
Abstract:
An estimated 2 billion ha of forests are degraded globally and global change suggests even greater need for forest restoration. Four forest restoration paradigms are identified and discussed: revegetation, ecological restoration, functional restoration, and forest landscape restoration. Restoration is examined in terms of a degraded starting point and an ending point of an idealized natural forest. Global change, climate variability, biotechnology, and synthetic biology pose significant challenges to current restoration paradigms, underscoring the importance of clearly defined goals focused on functional ecosystems. Public debate is needed on acceptable goals; one role for science is to inform and help frame the debate and describe feasibility and probable consequences.
Agid:
1235867