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Molecular cloning and expression of two heat-shock protein genes (HSC70/HSP70) from Prenant’s schizothoracin (Schizothorax prenanti)

Li, Jiuxuan, Zhang, Haibin, Zhang, Xiuyue, Yang, Shiyong, Yan, Taiming, Song, Zhaobin
Fish physiology and biochemistry 2015 v.41 no.2 pp. 573-585
Aeromonas hydrophila, Schizothorax, amino acids, bacteria, blood, brain, clones, complementary DNA, fluorescence, gene expression, genes, heart, heat-shock protein 70, immune response, kidneys, liver, messenger RNA, molecular cloning, muscles, nuclear localization signals, open reading frames, pituitary gland, rapid amplification of cDNA ends, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, sequence analysis, spleen, tissues, vertebrates
Through the RT-PCR and rapid amplification of cDNA ends, two complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA) clones encoding heat-shock cognate 70 (HSC70, designated Sp-HSC70) and inducible heat-shock protein 70 (HSP70, designated Sp-HSP70) were isolated from the liver of Prenant’s schizothoracin (Schizothorax prenanti). The cDNAs were 2344- and 2292-bp in length and contained 1950- and 1932-bp open reading frames, encoded proteins of 649 and 643 amino acids, respectively. Amino acid sequence analysis indicated that both Sp-HSC70 and Sp-HSP70 contained three signature sequences of HSP70 family, two partial overlapping bipartite nuclear localization signal sequences (an ATP-binding site motif, a bipartite nuclear targeting signal), and a cytoplasmic characteristic motif EEVD. Homology analysis revealed that Sp-HSC70 and Sp-HSP70 shared 77.5 % identity and Sp-HSC70 shared more than 81.1 % identity with the known HSC70s of other vertebrates, while Sp-HSP70 shared more than 77.5 % identity with the known HSP70s of other vertebrates. Fluorescent real-time quantitative RT-PCR showed that Sp-HSC70 and Sp-HSP70 mRNAs were found in all tested tissues, including blood, brain, heart, liver, spleen, head kidney, white muscle, skin, gonad, hypophysis, red muscle, and gill. The Sp-HSC70 and Sp-HSP70 mRNA expression level in blood and head kidney displayed a significant increase in vibrio-challenged group with the bacterium Aeromonas hydrophila at 24 h post-infection compared to a control group. Temporally, there was a clear time-dependent expression pattern of Sp-HSC70 or Sp-HSP70 gene after bacterial challenge, and the expression of Sp-HSC70 and Sp-HSP70 mRNAs reached a maximum level at 12 and 6 h post-challenge, respectively. Both returned to control level after 7 × 24 h. The results suggest that Sp-HSC70 and Sp-HSP70 genes may play important roles in mediating the immune responses of A. hydrophila-related diseases in the Prenant’s schizothoracin.