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Isolation, structure modeling and function characterization of a trypsin inhibitor from Cassia obtusifolia

Liu, Zubi, Zhu, Qiankun, Li, Juanjuan, Zhang, Gan, Jiamahate, Aerguli, Zhou, Jiayu, Liao, Hai
Biotechnology letters 2015 v.37 no.4 pp. 863-869
Escherichia coli, Helicoverpa armigera, Kunitz-type proteinase inhibitor, Senna obtusifolia, Spodoptera exigua, Spodoptera litura, abiotic stress, abscisic acid, acid treatment, amino acid sequences, cattle, drought, genes, insecticidal properties, models, site-directed mutagenesis, trypsin
A trypsin inhibitor gene (CoTI1) from Cassia obtusifolia was isolated and the deduced amino acid sequence was attributed to the Kunitz-type trypsin inhibitor. The recombined CoTI1, expressed in E. coli, exhibited strong inhibitory effect on bovine trypsin and trypsin-like proteases from Helicoverpa armigera, Spodoptera exigua, and Spodoptera litura. CoTI1 thus presents insecticidal properties that may be useful for the genetic engineering of plants. Leu84, Arg86 and Thr88 were predicted as three key residues by molecular modeling in which Arg86, inserted into the substrate pocket of trypsin, interacted directly with residue Asp189 of trypsin causing the specific inhibition against trypsin. The predicted results were confirmed by site-directed mutagenesis with L84A, R86A and T88A, respectively. The substantial changing expression level of CoTI1 under salt, drought and abscisic acid treatment suggested that CoTI1 might play important role in the resistance against abiotic stress.