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Diurnal variations of the low-level jet over peninsular India during the onset of Asian summer monsoon
- Nair, Sandhya K., Prabha, Thara V., Purushothaman, N., Sijikumar, S., Muralidharan, S., Kirankumar, N. V. P., Subrahamanyam, D. B., Anurose, T. J., Prijith, S. S., Namboodiri, K. V. S.
- Theoretical and applied climatology 2015 v.120 no.1-2 pp. 287-298
- coasts, diurnal variation, monsoon season, summer, wind speed, India
- The evidence for diurnal variation of monsoon low-level jet (MLLJ) over the southern tip of India is illustrated from observations, a mesoscale model results, and long-term reanalysis products. This illustration showed that MLLJ has a diurnal variation in its strength and location of maxima. Diurnal signature of MLLJ is not found to be location-specific. Stronger jets are formed at a lower elevation during the nighttime, and the jets are weaker during the day but are higher elevated. During the daytime, a secondary jet is also observed along with the MLLJ. Both the jets were numerically simulated during the onset phase of southwest monsoon over the southwest coast of India. Thirty-year climatological analysis from Modern Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA) showed that the secondary jet is shallow and weak during the pre-onset phase of monsoon. With the progress of monsoon, the MLLJ gets stronger with increased wind speed and elevated location of its core. In occasions where the jet is strong before the onset, the strongest jets proceed after the onset. Daytime MLLJ is higher elevated compared to the nocturnal MLLJ due to the frictional decoupling.