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Arsenic Accumulation in Panax notoginseng Monoculture and Intercropping with Pteris vittata

Lin, L. Y., Yan, X. L., Liao, X. Y., Zhang, Y. X., Ma, X.
Water, air, and soil pollution 2015 v.226 no.4 pp. 2375
Panax notoginseng, Pteris vittata, arsenic, intercropping, planting, sap, soil, xylem
Panax notoginseng is a well-known phytomedicine used all over the world. In recent years, a certain As contamination of the herb appeared in its planting area due to elevated soil As concentration. We investigated the feasibility of intercropping with Pteris vittata, an As hyperaccumulator, on the reduction of As accumulation in Panax notoginseng and As transfer and transformation in soil-plant system. Results showed that, intercropping could decrease the As concentrations of Panax notoginseng by 9.1–54.3 and 30.9–54.3% and increase the biomasses by 40.7–211.6 and 2.1–153.3 %, respectively, in the H-As (soil As 400.4 mg/kg) and M-As (soil As 85.3 mg/kg) treatments. Compared to the monoculture, the ratio of the nonspecifically adsorbed As in soil was decreased by 17.8 and 34.3 %, and the As transfer factor of Panax notoginseng was increased by 22.2 and 66.3 %, respectively, in H-As and M-As treatments. For As speciation, As(III) and As(V) could be detected at the same time only in root and xylem sap of Panax notoginseng in the H-As treatment, and intercropping could increase the ratios of As(III) by 97.8 and 72.4 %, respectively. In summary, intercropping with Pteris vittata is an applicable approach to reduce the As accumulation in Panax notoginseng.