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Development of PCR-Based Technique for Detection of Purity of Pashmina Fiber from Textile Materials

Kumar, Rajiv, Shakyawar, D. B., Pareek, P.K., Raja, A. S. M., Prince, L. L. L., Kumar, Satish, Naqvi, S. M. K.
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 2015 v.175 no.8 pp. 3856-3862
DNA, adulterated products, biotechnology, cost effectiveness, genes, goats, polymerase chain reaction, prices, ribosomal RNA, sheep, textile fibers, wool, India
Pashmina fiber is one of major specialty animal fiber in India. The quality of Pashmina obtained from Changthangi and Chegu goats in India is very good. Due to restricted availability and high prices, adulteration of natural prized fibers is becoming a common practice by the manufacturers. Sheep wool is a cheap substitute, which is usually used for adulteration and false declaration of Pashmina-based products. Presently, there is lack of cost-effective and readily available methodology to identify the adulteration of Pashmina products from other similar looking substitutes like sheep wool. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based detection method can be used to identify origin of animal fiber. Extraction of quality DNA from dyed and processed animal fiber and textile materials is a limiting factor in the development of such detection methods. In the present study, quality DNA was extracted from textile materials, and PCR-based technique using mitochondrial gene (12S rRNA) specific primers was developed for detection of the Pashmina in textile blends. This technique has been used for detection of the adulteration of the Pashmina products with sheep wool. The technique can detect adulteration level up to 10 % of sheep/goat fibers in textile blends.