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CD40 signal expression in gastric cancer tissue and its correlation with prognosis of gastric cancer patients
- Li, Rui, Chen, Wei-Chang, Pang, Xue-Qin, Tian, Wen-Yan, Wang, Wei-Peng, Zhang, Xue Guang
- Molecular biology reports 2012 v.39 no.9 pp. 8741-8747
- carcinoma, drug therapy, females, gene expression, humans, lymph nodes, males, messenger RNA, metastasis, patients, prognosis, radiotherapy, stomach neoplasms, survival rate
- CD40 signaling plays a critical role in the survival rate of gastric cancer patients. Tumour samples were collected from 73 patients with who were diagnosed as gastric cancer in general surgery department in the 1st affiliated hospital of Suzhou University between September 2002 and July 2003. All patients had not received radiotherapy and chemotherapy before operation. These patients include 46 male and 27 female. Here we show that CD40 is constitutively expressed in the human gastric carcinoma tissues, and CD40 protein and mRNA positive expression in gastric cancer tissues closely correlated with lymph node metastasis and tumour TNM stage. CD40 positive expression in gastric cancer patients with lymph node metastasis was markedly higher than that in gastric cancer patients without lymph node metastasis. CD40 positive expression in stage III–IV gastric cancer patients was markedly higher than that in stage I–II gastric cancer patients. Moreover, CD40 expression closely correlated with prognosis of gastric cancer patients. Therefore, CD40 was taken as grouping variable, and lymph node metastasis and clinical staging were taken as stratification variables, respectively, further analysis showed that prognosis in gastric cancer patients with lymph node metastasis and CD40 positive expression was markedly worse than that in gastric cancer patients without lymph node metastasis and CD40 negative expression (P = 0.0076). These results suggest that CD40 signaling plays a critical role in the survival of gastric cancer patients.