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Apoplastic Diffusion Barriers in Arabidopsis

Nawrath, Christiane, Schreiber, Lukas, Franke, Rochus Benni, Geldner, Niko, Reina-Pinto, José J., Kunst, Ljerka
The arabidopsis book 2013
Arabidopsis, apoplast, chemical structure, cutin, embryophytes, endodermis, lignin, periderm, plant organs, shoots, suberin, ultrastructure
During the development of Arabidopsis and other land plants, diffusion barriers are formed in the apoplast of specialized tissues within a variety of plant organs. While the cuticle of the epidermis is the primary diffusion barrier in the shoot, the Casparian strips and suberin lamellae of the endodermis and the periderm represent the diffusion barriers in the root. Different classes of molecules contribute to the formation of extracellular diffusion barriers in an organ- and tissue-specific manner. Cutin and wax are the major components of the cuticle, lignin forms the early Casparian strip, and suberin is deposited in the stage II endodermis and the periderm. The current status of our understanding of the relationships between the chemical structure, ultrastructure and physiological functions of plant diffusion barriers is discussed. Specific aspects of the synthesis of diffusion barrier components and protocols that can be used for the assessment of barrier function and important barrier properties are also presented.