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DNA scission inhibition, antioxidant, and antiproliferative activities of water chestnut (Trapa natans) extracted in different solvents

Gani, Adil, Rasool, Nosheeba, Shah, Asima, Ahmad, Mudasir, Gani, Asir, Wani, Touseef Ahmed, Wani, Idrees Ahmed, Wani, Sajad M., Masoodi, F. A.
CyTA: journal of food 2015 v.13 no.3 pp. 415-419
DNA damage, aqueous solutions, hydroxyl radicals, humans, methanol, thymus gland, adenocarcinoma, DNA, lipid peroxidation, Trapa natans, neoplasm cells, solvents, water content, colorectal neoplasms, calves, antioxidant activity, ethanol
This investigation deals with the study of polyphenolic, antioxidant, and antiproliferative activities of water chestnut extracted in different solvents. The antioxidant activities of the extract in different solvents were the maximum in methanol, followed by ethanol and aqueous solution and were found to be 39.8%, 34.1% and 32.6% from DPPH assay, and 45.64%, 35.08% and 30.52% from lipid peroxidation assay, respectively, whereas the reducing power inhibition assay showed the maximum antioxidant potential in the aqueous extract of the sample, followed by methanolic and ethanolic extracts. The polyphenolic content of the water chestnut was found to be more in methanol than in aqueous and ethanolic extracts. The water chestnut extract also showed the antiproliferative potential when tested against the human colon cancer cell line (Colo-205), human ductal breast epithelial tumor cell line (T47D), and human breast adenocarcinoma cell line (MCF7). It also showed some protection from DNA damage induced by hydroxyl radicals in calf thymus DNA.