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Effects of UV exclusion on the physiology and phenolic composition of leaves and berries of Vitis vinifera cv. Graciano

Del‐Castillo‐Alonso, María‐Ángeles, Diago, María P, Monforte, Laura, Tardaguila, Javier, Martínez‐Abaigar, Javier, Núñez‐Olivera, Encarnación
Journal of the science of food and agriculture 2015 v.95 no.2 pp. 409-416
Vitis vinifera, coumaric acids, cultivars, decision making, flavanols, flavonols, leaves, photostability, physiology, small fruits, stilbenes, ultraviolet radiation, viticulture, wine grapes, wine quality
BACKGROUND: Ultraviolet (UV) radiation induces adaptive responses that can be used for plant production improvement. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of solar UV exclusion on the physiology and phenolic compounds of leaves and berry skins of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Graciano under field conditions. Phenolic compounds were analyzed globally and individually in both the vacuolar fraction and, for the first time in grapevine, the cell wall‐bound fraction. These different locations may represent diverse modalities of phenolic response to and protection against UV. RESULTS: UV exclusion led to a decrease in Fᵥ/Fₘin leaves, revealing that solar UV is needed for adequate photoprotection. Only p‐caffeoyl‐tartaric acid from the soluble fraction of leaves and myricetin‐3‐O‐glucoside from the soluble fraction of berry skins were significantly higher in the presence of UV radiation, and thus they could play a role in UV protection. Other hydroxycinnamic acids, flavonols, flavanols and stilbenes did not respond to UV exclusion. CONCLUSION: UV exclusion led to subtle changes in leaves and berry skins of Graciano cultivar, which would be well adapted to current UV levels. This may help support decision‐making on viticultural practices modifying UV exposure of leaves and berries, which could improve grape and wine quality. © 2014 Society of Chemical Industry