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Phenology of Dasineura oxycoccana (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) on Cranberry and Blueberry Indicates Potential for Gene Flow

Cook Melissa A., Fitzpatrick Sheila M., Roitberg Bernard D.
Journal of economic entomology 2012 v.105 no.4 pp. 1205-1213
Dasineura oxycoccana, Vaccinium corymbosum, Vaccinium macrocarpon, blueberries, cranberries, crops, farms, gene flow, heat, immatures, larvae, larval development, pests, phenology, plant development, pupae, races, shoots, spring, summer, vines, British Columbia
Dasineura oxycoccana (Johnson) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) is a pest of cranberry, Vaccinium macrocarpon (Aiton) (Ericales: Ericaceae), and highbush blueberry, Vaccinium corymbosum (L.) (Ericales: Ericaceae), in North America. In British Columbia, Canada, D. oxycoccana was first found on highbush blueberry in 1991 and then on cranberry seven years later. Because many cranberry and highbush blueberry farms are adjacent to one another, we hypothesized that D. oxycoccana was moving from highbush blueberry onto cranberry. Cranberry and highbush blueberry differ in phenology, and adaptation to these different phenologies may result in host races or cryptic species on these two crops. We recognized the alternative hypothesis that D. oxycoccana had arrived as immature stages with cranberry vines imported from another region of North America. During spring and summer, we recorded the phenology of D. oxycoccana and the development of plant shoots from three cranberry and three highbush blueberry farms to determine whether the opportunity exists for successful movement of D. oxycoccana between the two crops. Our results show that D. oxycoccana from cranberry and highbush blueberry overlap in phenology for much of the season, indicating a high potential for movement and gene flow. However, differences were seen in number of larvae per shoot, location of pupae, and heat unit accumulation during larval development suggesting that instead there may be the potential for host race or cryptic species formation.