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Effects of Aldicarb and Neonicotinoid Seed Treatments on Twospotted Spider Mite on Cotton

Author:
Smith J. F., Catchot A. L., Musser F. R., Gore J.
Source:
Journal of economic entomology 2013 v.106 no.2 pp. 807-815
ISSN:
0022-0493
Subject:
Gossypium hirsutum, Tetranychus urticae, abamectin, acephate, aldicarb, cotton, cotyledons, fecundity, field experimentation, foliar application, furrows, imidacloprid, laboratory experimentation, mite infestations, mites, seed treatment, seedlings, thiamethoxam, thiodicarb
Abstract:
Twelve field experiments and one laboratory experiment were conducted to determine the effects of furrow applied aldicarb and seed treatments of thiamethoxam, imidacloprid, Avicta (thiamethoxam + abamectin), Aeris (imidacloprid + thiodicarb), and acephate on twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch, on cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L. For the field experiments, data were pooled across all experiments for analysis. Aeris, thiamethoxam, and imidacloprid treatments resulted in twospotted spider mite densities greater than those in the untreated check, aldicarb, and acephate treatments. However, cotton treated with Avicta (thiamethoxam + abameetin) had 34% fewer mites than other neonicotinoid seed treatments when infestations occurred near cotyledon stage. Untreated check and aldicarb treatments had the lowest mite densities. Only aldicarb reduced mite densities below that in the untreated check. In a laboratory trial, the fecundity of twospotted spider mite was measured. While neonicotinoid seed treatments increased mite densities in the field, they did not increase fecundity in the laboratory experiment. Foliar applied thiamethoxam slightly elevated average fecundity in the laboratory experiment. Increased use of neonicotinoid seed treatments instead of furrow applied aldicarb is likely at least partly responsible for recent increased twospotted spider mite infestations in seedling cotton across the mid-south.
Agid:
1265476