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Lethal and Sublethal Effects of Fenpropathrin on the Biological Performance of Scolothrips longicornis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)

Author:
Pakyari, Hajar, Enkegaard, Annie
Source:
Journal of economic entomology 2013 v.106 no.6 pp. 2371-2377
ISSN:
0022-0493
Subject:
Scolothrips, Tetranychus urticae, adverse effects, beneficial organisms, fecundity, females, fenpropathrin, juveniles, lethal concentration 50, longevity, males, mothers, nontarget organisms, oviposition, population growth, predators, progeny, sublethal effects
Abstract:
Determination of negative nontarget effects of pesticides on beneficial organisms by measuring only lethal effects is likely to underestimate effects of sublethal doses. In this study, the sublethal effects of fenpropathrin on the predatory thrips Scolothrips longicornis Priesner (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) fed on Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) were evaluated under laboratory conditions. The estimated values of LC₅₀ for female and male predators were 6.53 and 5.47 µg a.i./ml, respectively. Exposure to low-lethal concentrations (LC₁₀, LC₂₀, and LC₃₀) of fenpropathrin significantly affected the biological characteristics of treated females of S. longicornis, the most noticeable effects being a shortening of female life span by >70% accompanied by large reductions in oviposition period and fecundity. The offspring of females treated with low-lethal concentrations of fenpropathrin likewise had significantly reduced longevity, oviposition period, and fecundity, although not to the same extent as experienced by their mothers. Their juvenile development time was, however, not affected. These effects on the offspring were reflected in reduced rates of population increase and increased doubling times.
Agid:
1265690