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A Comparative Life-Table Analysis of Sipha flava (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Two Biofuel Hosts, Miscanthus × giganteus and Saccharum spp.

Author:
Pallipparambil, G. R., Cha, G., Gray, M. E.
Source:
Journal of economic entomology 2014 v.107 no.3 pp. 1069-1075
ISSN:
0022-0493
Subject:
Miscanthus giganteus, Saccharum, Sipha flava, Sorghum bicolor, biofuels, energy cane, fecundity, greenhouse production, host plants, host preferences, insects, life tables, longevity, pests, survival rate
Abstract:
Among the insects reported in biofuel crops, the yellow sugarcane aphid, Sipha flava (Forbes), is a potential pest of giant miscanthus, Miscanthus × giganteus Greef et Deu ex Hodkinson et Renvoize (M×g) and energy cane “L79-1002”, Saccharum spp. L. We studied the biology of S. flava on M×g and energy cane and estimated the development period, fecundity, longevity, intrinsic rate of increase, doubling time, reproductive value, and survivorship curves. To demonstrate the host suitability in a susceptible species, we studied the aphid life table on sorghum ‘PL 18200,’ Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. Life-table information was recorded under greenhouse conditions on the host plants. Our results suggested that both M×g and energy cane are suitable hosts for S. flava. We observed similar aphid development period on both hosts. Life-table estimates including longevity and fecundity suggested that M×g is a more suitable host for the aphid than energy cane. The intrinsic rate of increase for S. flava was lower on energy cane (0.231) than on M×g (0.258).
Agid:
1265829