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Age-Stage, Two-Sex Life Table of Brontispa Longissima (Gestro) (Coleoptera: Hispidae) Feeding on Four Palm Plant Varieties

Jin, Tao, Lin, Yu-Ying, Jin, Qi-An, Wen, Hai-Bo, Peng, Zheng-Qiang
Environmental entomology 2012 v.41 no.5 pp. 1208-1214
Brontispa longissima, Caryota, Cocos nucifera, Hyophorbe, Roystonea regia, coconuts, fecundity, females, host plants, leaves, life history, life tables, population, population growth, progeny, rearing, survival rate
The life history of Brontispa longissima (Gestro) (Coleoptera: Hispidae), reared under laboratory conditions on leaves of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.), royal palm [Roystonea regia (Kunth) O.F.Cook], bottle palm [Hyophorbe lagenicaulis (L. Bailey) H.E.Moore], and fishtail palm (Caryota ochlandra Hance) was analyzed using age-stage, two-sex life table. Means and standard errors of population growth parameters were calculated using the jackknife method. Moreover, survival rate and fecundity data were applied to project the population for revealing the different stage structure. The mean intrinsic rates of population growth when reared on each respective leaf type were 0.032, 0.031, 0.019, and 0.044. Individuals reared on C. nucifera achieved the highest net reproduction rate at 114.5 offspring per female. The mean generation times of B. longissima ranged from 93.2 d (reared on C. ochlandrai) to 161.5 d (reared on H. lagenicaulis). Projections from survival rate and fecundity data indicated that B. longissima populations can row considerably faster on C. ochlandra than on the other three host plants. The results validate the two-stage life history approach taken, providing an essential tool for developing and testing future control strategies.