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Residual Effects of New Insecticides on Egg and Nymph Densities of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)

Author:
Smith, Hugh A., Giurcanu, Mihai C.
Source:
The Florida entomologist 2013 v.96 no.2 pp. 504-511
ISSN:
0015-4040
Subject:
Bemisia argentifolii, Bemisia tabaci, Hemiptera, adults, bifenthrin, eggs, integrated pest management, materials, mechanism of action, plant density, pymetrozine, residual effects, resistance management, seedlings, tomatoes
Abstract:
The residual effects of 4 new insecticides (cyazypyr, flupyradifurone, pyrifluquinazon, and sulfoxaflor) and 2 registered insecticides (pymetrozine and a combination of zeta-cypermethrin and bifenthrin) on egg and nymph densities of Bemisia tabaci biotype B were evaluated at 3, 7 or 14 days after treatment (DAT) of the tomato seedlings with insecticides. Whole plant egg and nymph counts were taken weekly for 3 wk after the introduction of whitefly adults. The study was repeated 3 times. Egg densities tended to be statistically higher at 14 DAT than 3 or 7 DAT in the zeta-cypermethrin/bifenthrin and pymetrozine treatments. The other materials demonstrated greater efficacy than zeta-cypermethrin/bifenthrin and pymetrozine on 14 DAT. Egg densities were very low in all insecticide treatments compared to untreated plants at 3 and 7 DAT. Egg densities on plants treated with cyazypyr, flupyradifurone, pyrifluquinazon, and sulfoxaflor were statistically similar within a given DAT interval for most trials. Treatment effects on nymph densities were similar to treatment effects on egg densities. Cyazypyr, flupyradifurone, pyrifluquinazon, and sulfoxaflor represent distinct modes of action, and should contribute to future integrated pest management and integrated resistance management plans for B. tabaci on tomato.