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Low Temperature Induces Embryonic Diapause in the Spider Mite, Eotetranychus smithi

Gotoh, Tetsuo, Kameyama, Yasunobu
Journal of insect science 2014 v.14 no.68 pp. 1-8
Eotetranychus, adulthood, color, diapause, eggs, females, mites, molting, mothers, photoperiod, rearing, temperature
The spider mite, Eotetranychus smithi Pritchard & Baker (Acari: Tetranychidae), exhibits a facultative diapause that occurs at the egg stage. Diapause was induced by low temperatures alone (≤ 17.5°C) and averted by high temperatures (≥ 20°C). Photoperiod had little effect on diapause induction. This is the first example of temperature-induced diapause in spider mites. The diapause eggs became larger and darker (orange) than nondiapause eggs (white to pale yellow), suggesting that egg size and egg color are associated with diapause. When mites that were reared from eggs at 25°C and 16:8 L:D were transferred to 15°C and 16:8 L:D just after the start of the teleiochrysalis stage (the final molting stage before adulthood), all females laid non-diapause eggs during the first 30 days and then switched over to laying diapause eggs. The switch to diapause may be caused by the aging of mothers.