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Plantlet regeneration from leaf derived callus of Vanilla planifolia Andr Plant

Janarthanam, B., Seshadri, S.
In vitro cellular & developmental biology 2008 v.44 no.2 pp. 84-89
2,4-D, Vanilla planifolia, benzyladenine, biomass production, callus, callus culture, culture media, explants, flavor, indole acetic acid, leaves, naphthaleneacetic acid, plantlets, pods, rooting, shoots
Vanilla planifolia is a tropical orchid mainly known for the aromatic flavor of its cured pods. Callus cultures were initiated from leaf and nodal explants of V. planifolia. Leaf explants showed better callus initiation than the nodal explants with callus biomass production maximal when cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) basal medium containing 4.52 mM 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid and 2.22 mM benzyladenine (BAP). Callus transferred to MS basal medium supplemented with 13.32 μμM BAP, and 13.43 μμM naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) showed superior growth response and produced 14.0±±1.0 shoots with an average length of 3.6±±0.1 cm after 40 d. Subsequent transfer of the proliferated shootlets to MS basal medium supplemented with 8.88 μμM BAP and 8.08 μμM NAA produced 12.3±±0.14 plantlets with an average height of 3.6 cm±±0.10 cm. All plantlets produced profuse rooting within 35––40 d after transfer to half-strength MS basal medium supplemented with NAA in combination with indole-3-acetic acid. Rooted plantlets were transferred for hardening, with 80%% of the plantlets becoming successfully established in the field. Potentially, more than 100,000 plantlets could be produced within eight subcultures from callus obtained from leaf explant through the methods described here.