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Resting and Energy Reserves of Aedes albopictus Collected in Common Landscaping Vegetation in St. Augustine, Florida

Author:
Samson, Dayana M., Qualls, Whitney A., Roque, Deborah, Naranjo, Diana P., Alimi, Temitope, Arheart, Kristopher L., Müller, Günter C., Beier, John C., Xue, Rui-De
Source:
Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 2013 v.29 no.3 pp. 231-236
ISSN:
8756-971X
Subject:
Aedes albopictus, Asplenium, Hibiscus, Plumbago, Ruellia simplex, Talipariti tiliaceum, Tradescantia pallida, energy, ferns and fern allies, glycogen, habitats, landscapes, landscaping, lipids, sugars, vegetation types, Florida
Abstract:
The resting behavior of Aedes albopictus was evaluated by aspirating diurnal resting mosquitoes from common landscape vegetation in residential communities in St. Augustine, FL. Energy reserves of the resting mosquitoes were analyzed to determine if there was a correlation between mosquito resting habitat and energy accumulation. Six species of plants were selected and 9 collections of resting mosquitoes were aspirated from each plant using a modified John W. Hock backpack aspirator during June and July 2012. Eight mosquito species were collected, with Ae. albopictus representing 74% of the overall collection. The number of Ae. albopictus collected varied significantly with the species of vegetation. When comparing the vegetation and abundance of resting mosquitoes, the highest percentages of Ae. albopictus were collected resting on Ruellia brittoniana (Mexican petunia), Asplenium platyneuron (fern), Gibasis geniculate (Tahitian bridal veil), followed by Plumba goauriculata (plumbago), Setcreasea pallida (purple heart), and Hibiscus tiliaceus (hibiscus). There were significant differences in lipid and glycogen accumulation based on type of vegetation Ae. albopictus was found resting in. Resting mosquitoes' sugar reserves were not influenced by species of vegetation. However, there was an overall correlation between vegetation that serves as a resting habitat and energy reserve accumulation. The results of our study demonstrate the potential to target specific vegetation for control of diurnal resting mosquitoes.
Agid:
1290320