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Environmental Factors and Beta2-Adrenergic Receptor Polymorphism: Influence on the Energy Expenditure and Nutritional Status of Obese Women

Rosado, Eliane Lopes, Bressan, Josefina, Martínez, J. Alfredo
Lipids 2015 v.50 no.5 pp. 459-467
bioelectrical impedance, body composition, calorimetry, energy expenditure, environmental factors, exercise, fat intake, genes, genotype, lipid metabolism, low calorie diet, nutritional intervention, nutritional status, obesity, oxidation, test meals, women
Our aim was to evaluate the influence of the Gln27Glu polymorphism of the β₂-adrenergic receptor (ADRβ₂) gene, fat intake and physical activity on the energy expenditure (EE) and nutritional status of obese women. Sixty obese women (30–46 years) participated in the study and were assigned to three groups depending on the genotypes: Gln27Gln, Gln27Glu and Glu27Glu. At baseline and after nutritional intervention, the anthropometric and body composition (bioelectrical impedance), dietary, EE (indirect calorimetry) and biochemical variables were measured. All women received a high-fat test meal to determine the postprandial EE (short-term) and an energy-restricted diet for 10 weeks (long term). The frequencies of Gln27Gln, Gln27Glu and Glu27Glu were 36.67, 40.0 and 23.33 %, respectively. Anthropometric and biochemical variables and EE did not differ between groups, although women who had no polymorphism demonstrated decreased carbohydrate oxidation. On the other hand, the Glu27Glu genotype showed a positive relation with EE in physical activity and fat oxidation. The environmental factors and Gln27Glu polymorphism did not influence the nutritional status and EE of obese women, but physical activity in obese women with the polymorphism in the ADRβ₂gene can promote fat oxidation. The results suggest that encouraging the practice of physical exercise is important considering the high frequency of this polymorphism in obese subjects.