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Individual variations and interrelationships in feeding rate, growth rate, and spontaneous activity in hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus × O. aureus) at different feeding frequencies
- Dong, G. F., Yang, Y. O., Yao, F., Chen, L., Bu, F. Y., Li, P. C., Huang, F., Yu, D. H.
- Journal of applied ichthyology 2015 v.31 no.2 pp. 349-354
- Oreochromis aureus, Oreochromis niloticus, correlation, energy costs, feeding frequency, fish, food conversion, hybrids, play activities, rearing, specific growth rate, swimming
- A 30‐day growth trial was conducted to investigate the individual variations in feeding rate, growth rate, spontaneous activity, and their possible interrelationships in hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus × O. aureus) reared individually at feeding frequencies of one and two meals daily. Results show that the feeding rate in energy (FRe), specific growth rate in energy (SGRe), and food conversion efficiency (FCE) of fish fed twice a day were significantly higher than that of fish fed only once. However, no significant differences in distance or in time spent swimming were observed between the groups. SGRe was positively correlated with FRe in fish fed only once daily, and SGRe was positively correlated with food conversion efficiency in energy (FCEe) between the two groups. SGRe was only inversely correlated with the distance that fish swam when fed once daily. The results suggest that the individual growth differences of hybrid tilapia could be attributed mainly to variations in FRe, and that the energy costs of spontaneous activity play an important role in the differences at feeding frequency of one meal a day. However, at feeding frequencies of two meals a day, individual growth differences in fish may be caused by variations in FCEe, and energy costs of spontaneous activity have only marginal effects on the differences.