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Construction of high‐throughput genotyped chromosome segment substitution lines in rice (Oryza sativa L.) and QTL mapping for heading date

Zhu, Jinyan, Niu, Yongchao, Tao, Yajun, Wang, Jun, Jian, Jianbo, Tai, Shuaishuai, Li, Jun, Yang, Jie, Zhong, Weigong, Zhou, Yong, Liang, Guohua, Ahn, S. N.
Plant breeding 2015 v.134 no.2 pp. 156-163
Oryza sativa, additive gene effects, chromosome mapping, chromosomes, genetic markers, genome, genomics, heading, phenology, plant breeding, quantitative trait loci, rice, substitution lines
Chromosome segment substitution lines (CSSLs) provide ideal materials for quantitative trait loci (QTLs) mapping and genetic dissection of complex traits. In this study, we developed a set of CSSL population consisting of 175 lines, which were derived between the recipient ‘Guangluai 4’ and the donor ‘Nipponbare’. Based on 260 molecular markers, we firstly constructed a physical map of core 97 lines. Then, these 97 lines were further genotyped based on resequencing data, and a resequencing‐based physical map was constructed. Compared with the molecular marker‐based physical map, the resequencing‐based physical map of 97 lines contained 367 substituted segments with 252 newly discovered segments. The total size of the 367 substituted segments was 1,074 Mb, which was 2.81 times the size of rice genome. Using the 97 CSSLs as materials, we identified nine QTLs for heading date and three of them were firstly reported. All the QTLs had positive additive effects, ranging from 9.50 to 16.50 days. These CSSLs may greatly help forge a new resource for functional genomics studies and molecular breeding in rice.