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Humic Acid–Like Substances Extracted from Compost Improve Fe Nutrition of Lemon Grown on Calcareous Soil: An Environmentally Safe Approach

Ammari, Tarek G., Al-Zu’bi, Yasin, Abubaker, Samih, Qrunfleh, Issam
Communications in soil science and plant analysis 2015 v.46 no.8 pp. 954-964
Citrus aurantium, acetates, calcareous soils, chlorophyll, chlorosis, composts, iron, leaves, lemons, nutrient deficiencies, poultry, sheep, vigor
The short-term effectiveness of soil-applied humic acid–like substances [naturally complexed or uncomplexed with iron (Fe)] extracted from composted poultry (HLSP) and sheep (HLSS) manures in preventing lime-induced Fe chlorosis in Eureka lemon (Citrus lemon L.) cuttings grafted on sour orange (Citrus aurantium L.) was investigated and compared with the commonly applied ethylenediamine di-2-hydroxyphenyl acetate ferric (FeEDDHA). Treatments were untreated plants and plants fertilized with FeEDDHA, HLSP, and HLSS injected into the soil at a total rate of 25 mg Fe per plant each. Chlorophyll concentration index (CCI) of the youngest fully expanded leaves, growth vigor, and leaf Fe concentration were measured. HLSP and HLSS, similar to FeEDDHA, resulted in significantly greater CCI values, growth vigor, and leaf Fe concentration compared to untreated plants. HLSP and HLSS offer potential alternative to FeEDDHA to prevent lime-induced Fe deficiency in Eureka lemon. Concentrates of HLSP and HLSS can be commercially prepared to offer an inexpensive and environmentally safe product.