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Development of a more efficient process for production of fuel ethanol from bamboo

Sun, Zhao-Yong, Wang, Ting, Tan, Li, Tang, Yue-Qin, Kida, Kenji
Bioprocess and biosystems engineering 2015 v.38 no.6 pp. 1033-1043
Candida tropicalis, anion exchange resins, bamboos, batch fermentation, biotransformation, ethanol, ethanol fermentation, ethanol fuels, fuel production, mash, nutrients, pH, saccharification, salts, sulfuric acid, xylitol, xylose
A process for production of fuel ethanol from bamboo treated with concentrated sulfuric acid has been previously proposed. To improve efficiency of the process, we tested saccharification with 70 weight% (wt%) sulfuric acid, acid–sugar separation by ion exclusion, addition of nutrients to the ethanol fermentation, and bioconversion of xylose to xylitol. A high efficiency of both sugar recovery (82.5 %) and acid recovery (97.5 %) was achieved in the saccharification process and in the continuous acid–sugar separation using a modified anion exchange resin, respectively. Reduction of the amount of mineral salts added to the saccharified liquid after acid–sugar separation did not negatively affect performance of the continuous ethanol fermentation. The ethanol yield and productivity were 93.7 % and 6 g/l h, respectively, at 35 °C and pH 4.0. And the ethanol yield and productivity were almost the same even at pH 3.5. Moreover, the xylose remaining in the fermented mash was efficiently converted to xylitol in batch fermentation by Candida tropicalis strain 2.1776. These results demonstrate a more efficient process for the production of fuel ethanol from bamboo.