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Compensation Indices of Radiation-Induced Wheat-Agropyron elongatum Translocations Conferring Resistance to Leaf Rust and Stem Rust

Friebe, B., Jiang, J., Knott, D. R., Gill, B. S.
Crop science 1994 v.34 no.2 pp. 400-404
Thinopyrum elongatum, chromosome translocation, translocation lines, disease resistance, Puccinia recondita, Puccinia graminis, genetic resistance, chromosomes, length
Species belonging to the genus are an important source of disease resistance for bread wheat. Several resistance genes have been transferred. C-banding and in situ hybridization are the methods of choice for analyzing introgressed alien chromatin. Using these methods, we characterized radiation-induced wheat- chromosome translocation lines carrying the rust resistance genes and . Data show that is located on the translocation chromosome T6AS. 6AL-6Ae#1L. The segment in this translocation has a length of 2.48 μm. The genes in cultivar ‘Agatha’ are located on a 2.55 μm long segment present in the translocation chromosome T7DS. 7DL-7Ae#1L. The wheat- translocation chromosome present in the ethyl methane-sulfonate (EMS) treated derivative ‘Agatha-28’ is similar to that present in Agatha. The segment present in the EMS treated derivative ‘Agatha-235’ has a length of 1.99 pm and is inserted intercalary in the long arm of wheat chromosome 7D, resulting in the translocation chromosome T7DS-7DL-7Ae#1L-7DL. A compensation (CI) index was calculated as the ratio of the length of the missing wheat segment as percent of the corresponding wheat arm divided by the length of the transferred alien segment as percent of the corresponding alien chromosome arm. The CIs in T6AS-6AL-6Ae#1L and T7DS-7DL-TAe#1L are 1.15 and 0.95, respectively. These are close to the desirable value of I and indicate good compensation ability. The CI in T7DS. 7DL-7Ae#1L-7DL is 0.60 and indicates poor compensation ability. This index may allow the prediction of the performance of any compensating wheat-alien chromosome translocation.