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Cytogenetically Monitored Transfer of Powdery Mildew Resistance from Rye into Wheat

Friebe, B., Heun, M., Tuleen, N., Zeller, F. J., Gill, B. S.
Crop science 1994 v.34 no.3 pp. 621-625
gene transfer, plant breeding, genetic resistance, translocation lines, Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici, Secale cereale, homologous recombination, Triticum aestivum, disease resistance, genes, chromosome translocation
Powdery mildew, caused by the fungus Erysiphe graminis DC. ex Merat f. sp. tritici Em. Marchal, is a serious disease of cultivated bread wheat, Triticum aestivum L. em Thell. About 20 powdery mildew resistance genes are known in wheat and most of them are used in cultivar improvement. however, many of these genes were overcome by th funus and are no longer effective and therefre, new sources of resistance are continuously being sought. recently, we reported a new source of powdery mildew resistance, preliminarily desinated MIP6L, that was derived from the long arm of chromosome 6R of secale cereale L. cv. Prolific. the aim of this study was to transfer MIP6L to a cytologically stable wheat-rye chromosome translocation. Here we report the transfer of MIP6L from a monosomic 6RL (6D) chromosome substitution line by homologous recomination to a cytologically stable T6BS-6RL weat-rye chromosome translocation. The powdery mildew resistance gene was desinated Pm20. The powdery mildew resistance gene was designated Pm20. C-banding analysis was used to physically map Pm20 in the distal third of the recombined translocation chromosome T6BS 6RLʳᵉᶜ.. The succesful transfer of the resistance gene was veriied by artificial inoculation with the powdery mildew funus. Furthermore, a strategy for transferring additional useful genes from alien species to wheat is discussed. Contribution no. 93-528-J from the Kansas Agric. Exp. Stn., Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS 66506-5502. This work was supported in part by a USDA-CSRS special research grant to Wheat Genetics Resource Center at Kansas State University. M. Heum thanks the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft for his Heisenberg-fellowship (HE 1499/3-2).