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Heritability of Soluble Proteins in Alfalfa
- Gutek, L. H., Goplen, B. P., Howarth, R. E.
- Crop science 1976 v.16 no.2 pp. 199-201
- plant physiology, plant biochemistry, field crops, plant genetics, plant breeding
- This study was conducted to assess the feasibility of breeding alfalfa cultivars with low soluble protein concentrations as a means of reducing the bloat-causing potential of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Narrow-sense heritability estimates were obtained for soluble fraction I, fraction II, and total soluble protein concentrations in alfalfa. Heritability estimates (h²) were based on the parent-offspring regression method using data from 32 unselected clones and their open-pollination progenies. The h² estimates for the soluble proteins for 1972 and 1973 were as follows: soluble fraction I (19 and 20%), soluble fraction II (19 and 27%), total soluble protein (23 and 31%). These relatively low heritability estimates indicate that it should be possible to lower the soluble protein content of alfalfa by consecutive cycles of recurrent selection procedures involving well-replicated progeny tests.