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Changes in the digestible lysine and sulfur amino acid needs of broiler chicks during the first three weeks posthatching

Author:
Garcia, A., Batal, A.B.
Source:
Poultry science 2005 v.84 no.9 pp. 1350-1355
ISSN:
0032-5791
Subject:
amino acid requirements, animal age, liveweight gain, feed conversion
Abstract:
Four experiments were conducted to study the changes in the digestible lysine (DLYS) and sulfur amino acid (DSAA) requirements of broilers during the first 21 d posthatching. Cobb 500 by-product male broilers were fed corn-corn gluten meal-soybean meal diets formulated to be isocaloric and isonitrogenous. Five graded levels of either Lys or SAA were used, varying from 0.78 to 1.28% DLYS (experiments 1 and 2) and from 0.61 to 1.08% DSAA (experiments 3 and 4). Body weight gain (BWG) and gain:feed ratio (GF) were calculated at 4, 7, and 21 d. The DLYS requirements based on BWG varied from 0.98 at 4 d of age to 1.01% at 21 d in experiment 1 and from 0.95 at 4 d of age to 0.99% at 21 d, in experiment 2. Based on GF, the DLYS requirement varied from 1.08 to 1.10% in experiment 1, and from 0.98 to 0.94% in experiment 2 at 4 and 21 d, respectively. The estimated DSAA requirements for BWG varied from 0.83 to 0.88% or from 0.71 to 0.75% for 4 and 21 d in experiments 3 and 4, respectively. For GF, the DSAA decreased slightly from 0.88% at 4 d to 0.83% at 21 d in experiment 3, but did not change in experiment 4 (0.81%). Minimal changes in the DLYS or DSAA estimated requirements occurred during the first 21 d of age, which suggests that the recommended DLYS and DSAA levels determined at 21 d of age appear to be adequate to meet chick needs for the first week of age.
Agid:
1351360