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Effect of Varying Metabolizable Energy and Crude Protein Concentrations in Diets of Pearl Gray Guinea Fowl Pullets. 2. Egg Production Performance

Nahashon, S.N., Adefope, N., Amenyenu, A., Wright, D.
Poultry science 2007 v.86 no.5 pp. 973-982
egg weight, guineafowl, pullets, poultry feeding, metabolizable energy, crude protein, dietary protein, protein content, egg production, laying performance, drinking water, body weight, feed intake, age at first egg, feed conversion, egg quality, egg shell thickness
The effect of ME and CP concentrations during the growth phase of Pearl Gray guinea fowl pullets on their egg production performance was evaluated. In a 3 x 3 factorial arrangement, five hundred forty 1-d-old Pearl Gray guinea keets were randomly assigned to experimental diets with 2,900, 3,000, and 3,100 kcal of ME/kg of diet; each contained 20, 22, and 24% CP, respectively, from 0 to 8 wk of age (WOA). From 9 to 16 WOA, experimental diets had 3,000, 3,100, and 3,200 kcal of ME/kg of diet, and each contained 17, 19, and 21% CP, respectively. At 17 to 22, 23 to 27, and 28 to 56 WOA, experimental diets were composed of 3,000, 2,900, and 2,800 kcal of ME/kg, and each had 18, 17, and 16% CP, respectively. Dietary treatments were replicated 4 times, and feed and water were provided ad libitum. Body weights were measured weekly from 0 to 22 WOA, and at 28 to 56 WOA the birds were observed for feed consumption, age at first egg, hen-day egg production (HDEP), egg weight, egg mass (EM), feed conversion ratio (FCR), internal egg quality (IEQ), shell thickness (ST), and BW at the end of each 28-d lay period for 7 consecutive periods. Mortality was recorded as it occurred. Overall, BW gains were higher (P < 0.05) in birds fed 3,000 and 3,100 Kcal of ME/kg and 24% CP from 0 to 8 WOA than other dietary treatments. Percentages HDEP, EM, and IEQ were higher (P < 0.05) and FCR was lower (P < 0.05) in pullets fed 3,000 and 3,100 kcal of ME/kg diet at 0 to 8 WOA than those fed 2,900 kcal of ME/kg. Birds on 22 and 24% CP diets at 0 to 8 WOA also exhibited higher HDEP, EM, and lower FCR than those on 20% CP diets. Thus, feeding 3,000 to 3,100 kcal of ME/kg of diet and 22 to 24% CP at 0 to 8 WOA and 3,100 to 3,200 kcal of ME/kg of diet and 19 to 21% CP at 9 to 16 WOA improved HDEP, EM, IEQ, and FCR of Pearl Gray guinea fowl laying pullets at 28 to 56 WOA.