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Fate of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat turkey breast rolls formulated with antimicrobials following electron-beam irradiation

Zhu, M.J., Mendonca, A., Ismail, H.A., Ahn, D.U.
Poultry science 2009 v.88 no.1 pp. 205-213
food safety, turkey meat, food pathogens, listeriosis, Listeria monocytogenes, meat processing, chemical treatment, antimicrobial agents, lactates, benzoates, food irradiation, dosage, bacterial contamination, food contamination, vacuum packaging, meat quality, breast muscle, ready-to-eat foods, microbiological quality, storage quality, sensory properties, inhibitors, microbial growth, bacterial colonization, dose response, pathogen survival
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of antimicrobials on the survival and proliferation of Listeria monocytogenes in turkey breast rolls following electron-beam irradiation. Six antimicrobial additive treatments that include no preservatives (control), 0.1% potassium benzoate (PB), 2% sodium lactate (SL), 0.1% potassium benzoate plus 2% sodium lactate (PB + SL), 2% sodium lactate plus 0.1% sodium diacetate (SL + SDA), and 0.1% potassium benzoate, 2% sodium lactate, and 0.1% sodium diacetate (PB + SL + SDA) were used. Sliced turkey breast rolls were artificially inoculated with approximately 10⁶ cfu/cm² of 5-strain L. monocytogenes cocktails, then vacuum-packaged and irradiated at 0, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, or 2.5 kGy. The radiation dose (kGy) that results in 90% reduction of viable cells for breast rolls, D₁₀ value, with various additive treatments ranged from 0.56 to 0.58 kGy. Adding PB (0.1%) or SL (2%) in turkey rolls failed to prevent L. monocytogenes from growing during refrigerated storage. In turkey rolls added with 2 (PB + SL or SL + SDA) or 3 (PB + SL + SDA) antimicrobial combinations had 2 or 3 wk of lag phases before L. monocytogenes growth, respectively. Irradiating turkey rolls, which were added with PB + SL or SL + SDA, at 1.0 kGy was effective in suppressing the growth of L. monocytogenes for about 6 wk when stored at 4°C. No growth of L. monocytogenes after irradiation occurred during 42 d of storage for 2.0 kGy irradiated breast rolls formulated with 0.1% PB + 2% SL, 2% SL + 0.1% SDA or 0.1% PB + 2% SL + 0.1% SDA, and 1.0 kGy irradiated turkey breast with 0.1% PB + 2% SL + 0.1% SDA. Sensory panelists found that low-dose irradiation (1.0 kGy) had no effect on the sensory characteristics of ready-to-eat turkey breast rolls. Including SL + SDA had slightly negative effect for nonirradiated turkey breast rolls, but the sensory characteristics of 1.0 kGy irradiated turkey roll containing SL + SDA was not significantly different from the others receiving 1.0 kGy irradiation. For microbial safety, PB + SL and SL + SDA antimicrobial treatments combined with 1.0 kGy or 2.0 kGy irradiation are a promising technology.