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Role of glycerophosphorylcholine and glycerophosphorylethanolamine in linoleic acid oxidation

Dawson, P.L., Sheldon, B.W., Larick, D.K., Turner, B.E.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 1991 v.39 no.1 pp. 12-16
linoleic acid, lipid peroxidation, phosphatidylethanolamines, phosphatidylcholines, heat treatment, chemical analysis, gas chromatography
The effect of adding glycerophosphorylcholine (GPC) and glycerophosphorylethanolamine (GPE) on the decomposition of linoleic (18:2) acid was evaluated at 70 degrees C by monitoring the production of low molecular weight headspace volatiles from 4 to 154 min using gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Sixteen compounds were isolated of which the concentrations of four were not affected by the heating time (butane, 2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol, hexanol, and undecane). Hexanal was the most prominent volatile produced in all treatments. Pentane was produced at a significantly greater rate in the 18:2 only treatment compared to the GPC and GPE added treatments. Volatile production rates in the 18:2 + GPE treatment were generally greater as compared to the 18:2 + GPC and 18:2 treatments. In addition, the rate of increase for the sum of the gas chromatographic peak areas over the last half of the heating interval was greater for the 18:2 + GPE treatment compared to that of the 18:2 + GPC and 18:2 treatments. The rate of production was volatile specific and varied due to treatment effects. While the overall rate of volatile production appeared to be increased by the addition of GPE to 18:2, the rate of production of several individual volatiles was higher for the 18:2 + GPC and the 18:2 treatments.