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Volatile compounds emitted by sweet cherries (Prunus avium Cv. Bing) during fruit development and ripening

Author:
Mattheis, J.P., Buchanan, D.A., Fellman, J.K.
Source:
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 1992 v.40 no.3 pp. 471-474
ISSN:
0021-8561
Subject:
Prunus avium, plant development, cherries, postharvest physiology, ripening, storage, volatile compounds, esters, Washington
Abstract:
Volatile compounds were collected using headspace sampling from intact sweet cherries (Prunus avium cv. Bing). Samples were collected at weekly intervals during fruit development and during a 7-day ripening period following harvest at commercial maturity. Thirty-one compounds of several chemical classes were identified including aldehydes, alcohols, esters, a ketone, a volatile acid, and a terpene. Of the compounds identified, ethanol had the highest concentration, but the amounts varied considerably among harvest dates. A number of compounds were detected in all of the samples, while stage of development determined the presence of other compounds. Several esters were detected only during the ripening period following harvest at commercial maturity.
Agid:
1360148