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Molecular structures of fructans from Agave tequilana Weber var. azul

Author:
Lopez, M.G., Mancilla-Margalli, N.A., Mendoza-Diaz, G.
Source:
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2003 v.51 no.27 pp. 7835-7840
ISSN:
0021-8561
Subject:
Agave tequilana, fructans, fructooligosaccharides, carbohydrate structure, gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Abstract:
Agave plants utilize crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) for CO2 fixation. Fructans are the principal photosynthetic products generated by agave plants. These carbohydrates are fructose-bound polymers frequently with a single glucose moiety. Agave tequilana Weber var. azul is an economically important CAM species not only because it is the sole plant allowed for tequila production but because it is a potential source of prebiotics. Because of the large amounts of carbohydrates in A. tequilana, in this study the molecular structures of its fructans were determined by fructan derivatization for linkage analysis coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and matrix-assisted laser desorption time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). Fructans were extracted from 8-year-old A. tequilana plants. The linkage types present in fructans from A. tequilana were determined by permethylation followed by reductive cleavage, acetylation, and finally GC-MS analysis. Analysis of the degree of polymerization (DP) estimated by 1H NMR integration and 13C NMR and confirmed by MALDI-TOF-MS showed a wide DP ranging from 3 to 29 units. All of the analyses performed demonstrated that fructans from A. tequilana consist of a complex mixture of fructooligosaccharides containing principally β(2 leads to 1) linkages, but also β(2 leads to 6) and branch moieties were observed. Finally, it can be stated that fructans from A. tequilana Weber var. azul are not an inulin type as previously thought.
Agid:
1364707