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Antioxidant activity of extracts, condensed tannin fractions, and pure flavonoids from Phaseolus vulgaris L. seed coat color genotypes
- Beninger, C.W., Hosfield, G.L.
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2003 v.51 no.27 pp. 7879-7883
- Phaseolus vulgaris, beans, kidney beans, plant extracts, proanthocyanidins, flavonoids, testa, color, genotype, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, structure-activity relationships
- Twelve different seed coat color genotypes of Phaseolus vulgaris L. were extracted and pure flavonoids isolated from 10 of these. The seed coat methanol extracts, tannin fractions, and pure flavonoids all displayed antioxidant activity in a fluorescence-based liposome assay. The relatively high activity of the condensed tannin (proanthocyanidin) fractions indicates that these may play an important role in the overall activity of the extracts. This activity also indicates that although these polyphenols cause problems in digestibility, they may be important dietary supplements with beneficial health effects. The pure anthocyanins delphinidin 3-O-glucoside (1), petunidin 3-O-glucoside (2), and malvidin 3-O-glucoside (3) and the flavonol quercetin 3-O-glucoside (4) isolated from seed coats also had significantly higher antioxidant activity than the Fe2+ control. The activity of kaempferol 3-O-glucoside (5) was not different from that of the Fe2+ control. These findings suggest that variously colored dry beans may be an important source of dietary antioxidants.