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Anthocyanin transformation in Cabernet Sauvignon wine during aging

Author:
Wang, H., Race, E.J., Shrikhande, A.J.
Source:
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2003 v.51 no.27 pp. 7989-7994
ISSN:
0021-8561
Subject:
wine aging, red wines, anthocyanins, chemical reactions, food composition, grapes
Abstract:
Anthocyanins in Cabernet Sauvignon grapes and wines were elucidated by HPLC-MS/MS. Major anthocyanins in Cabernet Sauvignon grape extract are malvidin 3-O-glucoside and malvidin 3-O-acetylglucoside. In matured wine, anthocyanins are transformed to anthocyanin-vinyl derivatives, ethyl bridged anthocyanin-flavanol adducts, and anthocyanin-flavanol adducts. The major anthocyanin pigments are malvidin 3-O-glucoside-pyruvate, malvidin 3-O-acetylglucoside-pyruvate, malvidin 3-O-coumaroylglucoside-pyruvate, malvidin 3-O-glucoside-4-vinylphenol, malvidin 3-O-acetylglucoside-4-vinylphenol, and malvidin 3-O-coumaroylglucoside-4-vinylphenol. The presence of syringetin 3-O-glucoside and syringetin 3-O-acetylglucoside has been established for the first time in grape and wine.
Agid:
1364744