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Effect of pH on the thermal stability of potent roasty odorants, 3-mercapto-3-methylbutyl esters, in coffee drink
- Kumazawa, K., Masuda, H.
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2003 v.51 no.27 pp. 8032-8035
- coffee (beverage), canned foods, pH, heat stability, odors, volatile compounds, esters, food processing, heat treatment, canning
- The effect of pH on the thermal stability of potent roasty odorants, 3-mercapto-3-methylbutyl esters, in coffee drinks was investigated. The concentration of 3-mercapto-3-methylbutyl formate in the coffee drink was drastically decreased during the heat processing. However, the residual ratio of this compound in the coffee drink adjusted to pH 5.0 was higher than that of pH 6.5. On the other hand, the residual ratios of 3-mercapto-3-methylbutyl acetate showed high values in the coffee drinks adjusted to both pHs. In the pH range of 3-7, the residual ratios of 3-mercapto-3-methylbutyl formate in aqueous model solutions varied depending on the pH value. It had a thermal stability maximum at pH 4.0, while 3-mercapto-3-methylbutyl acetate showed stability during heat processing over all the pH values tested. In addition, the residual ratios of the formate and acetate esters, which were composed of various alcohol derivatives, showed the same tendency as that of the 3-mercapto-3-methylbutyl esters. These results suggested that the low thermal stability and pH dependence of 3-mercapto-3-methylbutyl formate are based on the structure of the formate ester.