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Competitive degradation and detoxification of carbamate insecticides by membrane anodic Fenton treatment
- Wang, Q., Lemley, A.T.
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2003 v.51 no.18 pp. 5382-5390
- carbamate pesticides, insecticides, insecticide residues, wastewater treatment, chemical degradation, detoxification (processing), electrical treatment, electrodes, chemical reactions, iron, hydrogen peroxide, free radicals, biochemical oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, biodegradability, ecotoxicology, soil pollution, earthworms, hydroxyl radicals
- The competitive degradation of six carbamate insecticides by membrane anodic Fenton treatment (AFT), a new Fenton treatment technology, was carried out in this study. The carbamates studied were dioxacarb, carbaryl, fenobucarb, promecarb, bendiocarb, and carbofuran. The results indicate that AFT can effectively degrade these insecticides in both single component and multicomponent systems. The carbamates compete for hydroxyl radicals, and their kinetics obey the previously developed AFT kinetic model quite well. Hydroxyl radical reaction rate constants were obtained, and they decrease in the following order: dioxacarb approximately equal to carbaryl > fenobucarb > promecarb > bendiocarb > carbofuran. The AFT is shown to have higher treatment efficiency at higher temperature. Degradation products of the carbamates were determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, and it appears that degradation can be initiated by hydroxyl radical attack at different sites in the molecule, depending on the individual structure of the compound. Substituted phenols are the commonly seen degradation products. The AFT treatment can efficiently remove the chemical oxygen demand of the carbamate mixture, significantly increasing the biodegradability. Earthworm studies show that the AFT is also an effective detoxification process.