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Digestion and absorption of ferulic acid sugar esters in rat gastrointestinal tract
- Zhao, Z., Egashira, Y., Sanada, H.
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2003 v.51 no.18 pp. 5534-5539
- ferulic acid, esters, sugars, intestinal absorption, digestion, bioavailability, foregut, hindgut, ileum, cecum, rats
- We estimated the absorption site and absorptivity of ferulic acid (FA) and its sugar esters, namely 5-O-feruloyl-L-arabinofuranose (FAA) and feruloyl-arabinoxylan (FAXn), in rats on the basis of their recovery in intestinal content and feces by comparing the values with those of a nonabsorbable marker, poly R-478. The results indicated that free FA was absorbed almost completely before reaching cecum. About 40% of dietary FAA was absorbed in rat foregut and 57% disappeared in the cecum. In contrast, about 67% of the FA moiety in FAXn was released and then disappeared predominantly in the hindgut. These results suggested that the existing form of FA in diets affects its absorptivity, its absorption site, and its ensuing fate in the gastrointestinal tract. Those ingested FAs esterified with saccharides; especially, polysaccharides have to transit the hindgut where FA might be released and then absorbed and/or degraded by microflora in lumen. Such microbial degradation may be an important factor affecting the bioavailability of dietary FA.