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A chemometric approach to the comparison of different sample treatments for metals determination by atomic absorption spectroscopy in Aceto Balsamico Tradizionale di Modena

Cocchi, M., Franchini, G., Manzini, D., Manfredini, M., Marchetti, A., Ulrici, A.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2004 v.52 no.13 pp. 4047-4056
wine vinegars, metals, iron, zinc, chromium, manganese, cobalt, nickel, copper, cadmium, lead, food contamination, food analysis, atomic absorption spectrometry, spectroscopy, acid treatment, microwave treatment
A comparison of different digestion procedures has been carried out for the analysis of metal concentration in samples of vinegars and Aceto Balsamico Tradizionale of Modena (ABTM) coming from an unique barrel set. In particular, classical wet, dry ashing, and closed vessel microwave digestion procedure have been utilized and compared for each investigated species. In a few cases, direct metal determination on ABTM (without treatment procedure) is proposed as possible alternative to sample manipulation. Flame atomic absorption spectrometry was used for the quantification of iron and zinc, while graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry was used for all the other elements (i.e., chromium, manganese, cobalt, nickel, copper, cadmium, and lead). The comparison among the different sample treatments was carried out by the use of statistical and chemometric tools. In particular, principal component analysis and ANOVA approaches were used to discriminate between the diverse analytical methods. Furthermore, for all the dissolving techniques, the analytical metal recovery was always evaluated by the application of the recovery function on the same sample matrix. In general, the recoveries were fairly good, ranging from 90 to 103%, except for Cd and Pb with dry ashing, which showed recovery values close to 55% and 67%, respectively. As regards the metals concentration of the investigated samples, the experimental data reveal for some species the presence of concentration slightly over the legal limit fixed for wine and wine vinegar.