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Protective effect of Mesona procumbens against tert-butyl hydroperoxide-induced acute hepatic damage in rats

Yen, G.C., Yeh, C.T., Chen, Y.J.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2004 v.52 no.13 pp. 4121-4127
hepatotoxicity, caffeic acid, oxidative stress, glutathione-disulfide reductase, hepatotoxins, Lamiaceae, lipid peroxidation, medicinal plants, plant extracts, enzyme activity, glutathione peroxidase, rats, antioxidant activity, oral administration, antioxidants, herbal medicines, hepatoprotective effect
The protective effect of Hsian-tsao (Mesona procumbens Hemsl.) and its active compounds on liver damage was evaluated using the model of tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced acute hepatic damage in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (200 ± 10 g) were orally pretreated with a water extract of Hsian-tsao (WEHT) (0.1, 0.5, and 1.0 g/kg) or caffeic acid (0.1 g/kg of body weight) for 13 days before a single dose of t-BHP (0.2 mmol/kg, intraperitoneally) to each animal, and the rats were sacrificed 18 h later by decapitation; blood samples were collected for the assays of serum biochemical values. The livers were excised from the animals and assayed for oxidative injury, antioxidant enzyme, and pathological histology. The result showed that the oral pretreatment of WEHT (0.1, 0.5, and 1.0 g/kg) or caffeic acid (0.10 g/kg) before t-BHP (0.2 mmol/kg) treatment significantly lowered the serum levels of the hepatic enzyme markers (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and lactate dehydrogenase) and reduced oxidative stress of the liver by evaluation of malondialdehyde, glutathione, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione reductase. The histopathological evaluation of the rat livers showed that WEHT and caffeic acid reduced the incidence of liver lesions including cloudy swelling, pyknosis, and cytolysis induced by t-BHP in rats. On the basis of the results of this study, it can be speculated that M. procumbens protects liver against t-BHP-induced hepatic damage in rats.