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Aroma changes during black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) nectar processing

Iversen, C.K., Jakobsen, H.B., Olsen, C.E.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 1998 v.46 no.3 pp. 1132-1136
black currants, fruit juices, pasteurization, enzymes, food processing, odors, flavor compounds, volatile compounds, sensory evaluation, enzymatic treatment, quantitative analysis
Aroma changes during processing of black currant nectar were examined both by the dynamic headspace trapping technique and by sensory evaluation. Pasteurized and enzyme-treated nectars were compared with control nectar. Significant differences were found for 13 aroma compounds, of which 10 were subsequently identified. Nine of the identified compounds were esters, and eight of these decreased in quantity during enzyme treatment. Additionally, a total of 14 terpenes or terpenols were identified, and only one of these changed significantly in concentration during enzyme treatment. Pasteurization caused only minor changes in the concentration levels of the volatile compounds. GC-sniffing was used to estimate the potency of individual aroma compounds; the fruit esters as well as the terpenoids were apparently significant contributors to the aroma of black currant nectar.