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Free radical scavenging activity of grape seed extract and antioxidants by electron spin resonance spectrometry in an H2O2/NaOH/DMSO system
- Yamaguchi, F., Yoshimura, Y., Nakazawa, H., Ariga, T.
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 1999 v.47 no.7 pp. 2544-2548
- plant extracts, antioxidants, free radicals, hydrogen peroxide, sodium hydroxide, dimethyl sulfoxide, drugs, grape seeds
- The scavenging effects of grape seed extract (GSE) on free radicals formed in an H(2)O(2)/NaOH/DMSO system were examined using a spin-trapping electron spin resonance (ESR) method and compared with other natural antioxidants, ascorbic acid, dl-alpha-tocopherol, and beta-carotene. GSE reduced greatly the ESR signal intensity of superoxide radical-5, 5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO) adducts. GSE also exhibited weak scavenging activity on hydroxyl radical and a little scavenging activity on methyl radical. Ascorbic acid exhibited strong superoxide and hydroxyl radical scavenging activities, but it increased the amount of methyl radical at high concentration. dl-alpha-Tocopherol reduced the amount of superoxide anion, especially the amount of methyl radical. However, it slightly reduced the amount of hydroxyl radical. beta-Carotene reduced the amount of hydroxyl radical and methyl radical, but it also slightly reduced superoxide anion. In the case of combination use of beta-carotene and dl-alpha-tocopherol, all radical species were suppressed. Combination of GSE and dl-alpha-tocopherol also could reduce all radical species. beta-Carotene and dl-alpha-tocopherol could reduce the methyl radical formation induced by ascorbic acid.