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Regional land use for the hard red winter wheat belt

Throckmorton, R.I.
Agronomy journal 1936 v.28 no.3 pp. 165-172
planning, agriculture, production economics, Triticum aestivum, land use, soil conservation, water conservation, land policy, land management, program planning, farm area
In presenting a regional land use program for the hard red winter wheat belt the following points have been considered: 1. The region is adapted to extensive farming which encourages a speculative type of agriculture. 2. The program on land use should plan to conserve the soil and water resources and aid in stabilizing the agriculture of the region. 3. The area under cultivation in the five leading hard red winter wheat states increased from 56,100,000 acres in 1900 to more than 97,400,000 acres by 1930. The area devoted to wheat increased from 9,300,000 acres in 1900 to 24,900,000 acres in 1930. 4. Much land that is too rolling, too sandy, or located in regions too deficient in rainfall for successful crop production has been placed under cultivation. 5. For the welfare of the agriculture of the region, it appears that the total wheat area should be reduced by approximately 5,000,000 acres or about 20%. 6. The land removed from wheat production should be used for soil-binding and soil-improving crops, pasture crops, and feed crops in the eastern portion of the region. In the central portion it should be used for increasing the acreage of feed crops and for summer fallow, In the western portion it should be used for a material increase in the acreage of sorghums and other row crops and for summer fallow. 7. One of the greatest needs of the region is the development or introduction of a grass or of grasses that may be used to re-establish sod on the sandy areas and on the sloping and rolling lands.