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Bionomics of Scymnus (Pullus) louisianae J. Chapin (Coleoptea: Coccinellidae) as a predator of the soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Homoptera: Aphididae)

Author:
Brown, G.C., Sharkey, M.J., Johnson, D.W.
Source:
Journal of economic entomology 2003 v.96 no.1 pp. 21-24
ISSN:
0022-0493
Subject:
Scymnus, predation, biological development, developmental stages, fecundity, longevity, gender differences, biological control agents, Glycine max, soybeans, predators, Aphis (Aphididae), life tables, Kentucky
Abstract:
A field population of Scymnus louisianae Chapin (Coccinellidae) was found attacking soybean aphids, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Aphidae), a pest recently introduced into Kentucky. This coccinellid had not previously been found in Kentucky. A greenhouse population of S. louisianae was established and its predation on A. glycines studied under laboratory conditions. Total time to develop from egg to adult was about 20 d. About 70% of immatures survived to adulthood and they consumed approximately 100 aphid nymphs per beetle larva during the beetleʾs four larval instars. Adults lived for an average of 47 d (mated males) and 63 d (mated females) and, during their total adult lifetime, mated males consumed an average of 665 nymphs and mated females consumed 1261 nymphs. All developmental times and predation rates were comparable to those reported for other aphidophagous Scymnus spp. which, in conjunction with reports that Scymnus spp. are effective predators of cotton aphids, Aphis gossypii Glover, suggests that S. louisianae is a potentially important predator of A. glycines in the southern United States.
Agid:
1391935