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Developmental of house flies (Diptera: Muscidae) in sand containing varying amounts of manure solids and moisture
- Hogsette, J.A.
- Journal of economic entomology 1996 v.89 no.4 pp. 940-945
- water content, Musca domestica, biological development, sand, chemical composition, cattle manure, adults, mortality, feedlots, insect control, anthropogenic soil types
- House flies, Musca domestica L., developed in 200 cm3 of coarse sand containing just 1 ml (0.47%) of dairy manure solids and 10 ml (4.74%) of moisture. At these levels, development was slow (21.5 d from 1st instar to adult), adult survival was low (7.5%), but successful development did occur. At higher manure and moisture levels, rates of development and survival were similar to those reported previously All soil samples collected from a feedlot dairy contained higher levels of manure solids than the highest level tested in the laboratory. The implications for fly control in soil/manure mixtures and the need for additional studies are discussed.