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Evaluation of three (Z)-9-tricosene formulations for control of Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) in caged-layer poultry units

Chapman, J.W., Howse, P.E., Knapp, J.J., Goulson, D.
Journal of economic entomology 1998 v.91 no.4 pp. 915-922
Musca domestica, sex pheromones, baits, azamethiphos, insect control, sex ratio, population density, poultry housing
A field trial comparing the effectiveness of toxic targets impregnated with different formulations of the Musca domestica L. female sex pheromone (Z)-9-tricosene was conducted in a caged-layer, deep-pit poultry unit in southern England. Targets baited with 5 g of technical grade (Z)-9-tricosene, or 5 g of a 40% polymer bead formulation, caught significantly greater numbers of M. domestica than control targets. This increase in attractiveness of the pheromone-impregnated targets persisted for at least 24 wk. However, mean daily catch rates of M. domestica at targets baited with 5 g of a 2% wettable powder formulation did not significantly differ from control levels. Technical grade and bead formulations of the pheromone attracted significantly more males than females. However, the catches of female M. domestica at these pheromone-impregnated targets were significantly greater than female catches at control targets. Monitoring with sticky cards indicated that the introduction of toxic targets successfully suppressed adult M. domestica population density for up to 13 wk. Possible hypotheses explaining the effect of (Z)-9-tricosene on female attraction are discussed.