Main content area

Effects of time/temperature treatments on potato (Solanum tuberosum) starch: a comparison of isolated starch and starch in situ

Karlsson, M.E., Eliasson, A.C.
Journal of the science of food and agriculture 2003 v.83 no.15 pp. 1587-1592
potato starch, potatoes, cultivars, heat treatment, temperature, duration, gelatinization, blanching, differential scanning calorimetry, retrogradation, amylopectin, enthalpy
Previously, time/temperature treatments of starch have been performed mainly on starch/water systems. In this study the same time/temperature treatments were applied to starch/water systems and to potato starch in situ. Two potato varieties (Solanum tuberosum cultivars Asterix and Bintje) were used. The effect of time/temperature treatments on gelatinisation behaviour was evaluated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). A blanching process was simulated by heating samples to 74°C and then cooling them to 6°C. A DSC scan showed that starch was completely gelatinised after this treatment. Retrogradation of amylopectin increased during storage at 6°C from 0 to 24 h after blanching. Annealing of starch, with the aim of altering cooking properties, was performed by heating samples to temperatures below the gelatinisation onset temperature. Treating samples at 50°C for 24 h caused a shift in gelatinisation onset temperature of 11-12°C for isolated starch and 7-11°C for in situ samples. The extent of the annealing effect depended on the difference between onset and annealing temperatures, and prolonged treatment time increased the effect. Starch/water systems and tissue samples behaved similarly when exposed to time/temperature treatments. The most apparent difference was the shift of gelatinisation to higher temperatures in tissue samples.